A NOUN is a word used as
the name of something; a
person, a place, a thing, or an idea.
John Jones, uncle
â€œStar Spangled Banner,â€� song
Labor Day, holiday
ex: ladder courage Mrs. Jones
A PRONOUN is a
word used in place of a noun.
I, you, he, she, it, we, they, his, hers,
me, myself, us, yours, etc.
ex: I he it they you anybody
A VERB is a
word that shows action or
(state of being).
The weather is often
calm before a storm. (state
ex: sing shake catch
is are was
a word used to describe a noun or
Why did ancient dinosaurs
become an extinct
Were they wiped out by a
catastrophic flood or a
ex: stormy red rough
The ARTICLES a, an,
and the are adjectives.
An INTERJECTION is a
word or phrase used to express strong emotion or
surprise. Punctuation (a comma or an exclamation
point) is used to separate an interjection from the rest
of the sentence.
Wow, would you look at that!
Oh, no! Heâ€™s falling!
Whoops! So am I!
ex: Stop! Hey!
An ADVERB is a word used to modify (describe) a
verb, an adjective, or another adverb. An adverb tells how,
when, where, why, how often, and how much.
Dad snores loudly (loudly describes the word
His snores are really explosive. (really
describes the adjective explosive.)
Dad snores very loudly. (very describes the
ex: quickly today now bravely softer
A PREPOSITION is a word (or
group of words) that shows position, direction, or how two
ideas are related to each other. Specifically, a preposition
shows the relationship between its object and some other
word in the sentence.
The caterpillar hung under Natashaâ€™s nose. (Under
shows the relationship between the verb hung and the object
of the preposition nose.)
ex: around up under over between
A CONJUNCTION connects individual words or groups
Polluted lakes, rivers, and streams can be cleaned up. (The conjunction and
connects the word rivers to the word streams.)
ex: and but or so because when