5 Ws and 1 H
In a news report, whether it's online, in print, or broadcast on
television, journalists commonly use the
5 Ws and 1 H questions
--
who, what, when, where, why, and how -- as an outline for writing
the news story.  Following this structure helps to ensure that
writers have covered the necessary details. In turn, readers can
use the 5
Ws and 1 H questions to determine the main idea and
supporting details of a news story. The
central idea is the most
important idea about a topic that a writer conveys, and the
supporting details are the examples, facts, statistics, and
anecdotes that provide a basis for the central idea.